The Trinity Archive, Vol. I, No. 3, January 1888

Vol. I.   JANUARY, 1888.   No. 3.

THE
TRINITY ARCHIVE.

PUBLISHED BY THE LITERARY SOCIETIES.

 

Monthly. TRINITY COLLEGE, N.C. Price, 15 cts.

MANAGERS’ NOTICES.


Correspondents will please send all matter intended for publication to Prof. J. L. Armstrong, Trinity College, N. C.

Terms of Subscription.

One dollar, per scholastic year (nine issues), if paid in advance; if not paid in advance, one dollar and twenty cents.

To anyone who will send us a Club of Five cash yearly subscribers, we will give a year’s subscription, free.

Remittances should be made by postal note, postal order, or registered letter, and made payable to “Business Managers of the Trinity Archive.”

Terms of Advertising.

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All business communications should be forwarded to
NICHOLSON & JONES,
Business Managers,
Trinity College, N.C.
Entered as second-class matter in Post Office at Trinity College, N.C.

F. FISHBLATE,
THE
Leading Clothier
OF NORTH CAROLINA.

WE KEEP ALL THE LATEST STYLES IN
ClothingHats,
—AND—
Furnishing Goods.

Our line of Fine Dress Suits and Overcoats is the largest and finest ever seen. In our Hat and Furnishing Goods Department you can find anything you could ask for. All we ask is a call to convince you that our stock is the largest, finest and cheapest you have ever seen.

Respectfully,

F. FISHBLATE,
GREENSBORO, N.C.

C. M. VANSTORY, Manager.

P. S. Suits made to order from samples a specialty. Orders by mail will receive prompt attention.


A FREE TICKET
TO
Farrior & Crabtree’s
Boot and Shoe Store,
South Elm St.,    GREENSBORO, N.C.
Sole Agents for
Zeigler Bros., Jas. Means’ $3,
And Wm. Dorsch & Son’s
FINE GOODS.

C. B. HAYWORTH,
The People’s Liveryman,
HIGH POINT,     N.C.
Good Stock and conveyances. Prices reasonable.
Patronage of Trinity Students solicited.

MOFFITT & BRADSHAW,
DRUGGISTS AND PHARMACISTS,
Next Door above Bank,     High Point, N.C.
DEALERS IN
PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
Toilet and Fancy Articles, Perfumeries, &c.
We cordially invite students and friends of Trinity College to call
and see us when in need of anything in our line.

FRIENDS OF TRINITY,
SUBSCRIBE FOR
THE TRINITY ARCHIVE.
$1.00 PER YEAR.
Business Friends Send us Advertisements.

Richmond Straight Cut No. 1 Cigarettes.

Cigarette smokers who are willing to pay a little more than the price charged for the ordinary trade cigarettes, will find this brand superior to all others.

The Richmond Straight Cut No. 1 Cigarettes

are made from the brightest, most delicately flavored and highest cost gold leaf grown in Virginia. This is the old and original brand of Straight Cut Cigarettes, and was brought out by us in the year 1875. Beware of imitations and observe that the firm name as below is on every package.

ALLEN & GINTER, Manufacturers,
Richmond, Virginia.

GREENSBORO
Female College,
GREENSBORO, N.C.

The Sixty-Sixth Session of this well-equipped and prosperous School will begin on the 11th of January, 1888. Faculty (consisting of three Gentleman and eleven Ladies) able, accomplished and faithful. Instruction thorough in all departments. Superior advantages offered in the departments of

Music, Art, Elocution and Modern Languages.

Location healthful and beautiful; fare good. Premises large, with ample walks for out-door recreation. Buildings large, convenient, comfortable, and furnished with all the appliances of A FIRST-CLASS FEMALE COLLEGE.

Special attention paid to physical health, comfort, and developement, and moral and spiritual culture.

For catalogue apply to

T. M. JONES, President.

Group Photographs.

I would announce to the students of Trinity College that with a view to doing school work I have specially fitted myself for making

LARGE GROUPS,

such as Classes, Fraternities, Literary Societies, &c. Will be glad to serve with whatever they need in Photography, in that or any other line of work. I also make

Portrait Frames and Mats to Order.

Respectfully,

S. L. ALDERMAN,

Greensboro, N.C.


43THE
Trinity Archive.
Published under Supervision of the Professor of English.

Trinity College, Jan., 1888.


It was the winter wilde
While the Heaven-born childe
All meanly wrapt in the rude manger lies;
Nature in aw to him
Had doff’t her gawdy trim,
With her great Master so to sympathize;
It was no season then for her
To wanton with the sun her lusty paramour.
Onely with speeches fair
She woo’s the gentle Air
To hide her guilty front with innocent snow,
And on her naked shame,
Pallute with sinfull blame,
The saintly veil of maiden white to throw:
Confounded, that her Maker’s eyes
Should look so near upon her foul deformities.
But he, her fears to cease,
Sent down the meek-eyed Peace;
She, crown’d with olive green, came softly sliding
Down through the turning sphear,
His ready harbinger,
With turtle wing the amorous clouds dividing,
And, waving wide her mirtle wand,
She strikes a universall peace through sea and land.
No war, or battails sound,
Was heard the world around;
The idle spear and shield were high up hung;
The hooked chariot stood
Unstain’d with hostile blood;
The trumpet spake not to the armed throng;
And kings sate still with awfull eye,
As if they sure knew their sovran Lord was by.
Milton.

A merry Christmas and a happy New Year! So the phrase goes and many a time has it just been uttered, who knows whether with meaning or unmeaning lips? Christmas, part and parcel of America’s glorious inheritance from Old England, is the sovereign festival in the South. The North may keep its gaudy Fourth of July, the birth of a nation; but, as for us, we will observe the day commemorating the birth of the King of the Universe, a day hoary with centuries of associations.


No one knows the dreariness of Christmas at College but the unfortunate wight condemned to suffer it. The lonesome buildings and quiet streets would bore even a well-regulated ghost, while thoughts of home with trains of recollections paralyze all gayety.


By an oversight the holidays are long drawn out. While several of the exchanges utter touching appeals for more time, Trinity is suffering from too much vacation. Rumor has it that next year will find both terms and holiday readjusted.

44

THE BULLETIN BOARD.

The new year opens with some sound financial regulations, the carrying out of which will help considerably to improve the condition of the College treasury. Hereafter, tuition fees will be collected at the end of every month. Only sons of ministers will receive free tuition, and time and credit will be allowed only to such as are found to be actually incapable of paying their bills regularly. Students not otherwise excused, who fail to pay monthly bills due the College, will not be entitled to any further instruction.

The first monthly payment will be due Saturday, Feb. 11th, 1888.

Books and stationery will be sold for cash only.

A discount of 5 per cent. will be made on bills paid a full term in advance.


Superintendent Finger will lecture on “The Public School Problem” on the night of the 18th of January, in the College chapel. Admission free.


Entrance examinations to the College classes will be held in May at Winston, in June at Morehead City, Raleigh, and Trinity College. The Oxford examination

will be held at a date to be announced later. The date of the other examinations has not yet been definitely fixed.


The President’s class in Social and Political Science with the Seniors (elective) engages in informal discussion followed by systematic inquiry in official documents and specific treatises. A prize of $25 in books will be awarded for the best original thesis upon any of the assigned topics.


The Juniors begin Hallam’s Constitutional History of England as a text, with Green’s Shorter History or Bright’s School History as collateral reading (required.) The term’s work will end with an oration and a prize of $25 in cash is offered for the best one.


Encouraging reports are coming in from those who went home to secure help for the new building. There is no doubt of its speedy erection, if the Alumni respond to the proposition of “Alumnus.” The students are determined that this building shall go up. They are ready to make sacrifices, and are making them, to accomplish their purposes. Contributions should be sent

to Prof. J. L. Armstrong, who will acknowledge them in the Raleigh Christian Advocate and in The Archive.


Several of the larger classes in the preparatory department will be divided on the basis of scholarship.


45

BURKE AND WEBSTER.


Eloquence does not always display itself in the same form. In reading critically the speeches of Burke and Webster, we find quite a contrast in their styles, yet each ranks amongst the foremost orators of his nation. Each moved thousands by the power of his words, and each possessed a style peculiarly his own.

The first thing noticeable in Burke’s style is its remarkable clearness. He presents his thoughts in such a plain, simple manner that they are easily comprehended, although he handles the deepest subjects with which statesmanship deals. He leaves nothing obscure. We are never at a loss to know what words his relative pronouns relate to, or his conjunctions connect. Few authors could have expressed with such precision and perspicuity as Burke the thought contained in the following sentence: “This commercial motive never was believed by any man, either in America, which this letter is meant to soothe, or in England, which it meant to deceive.”

In regard to clearness, Webster’s style resembles that of Burke. The great American statesman seemed to possess the happy faculty of adapting himself to his audience. If he addressed the Senate of the United States, he was dignified and stately; if he spoke to an assembly of peasants, he made himself perfectly intelligible.

Burke frequently uses pointed satire and bitter sarcasm in his speeches. He says: “By such management, by the irresistible operations of feeble councils, so paltry a sum as three-pence in the eyes of a financier, so insignificant an article as tea in the eyes of a philosopher, have shaken the pillars of a commercial empire that circled the whole globe.” Again: “I conceal the ridiculous figure of parliament hurling its thunders at the gigantic rebellion in America.” In this kind of writing Burke is undoubtedly Webster’s superior.

Burke uses connectives with more skill, perhaps, than any other author in the English language. This is an art of which he was master. There is not space to give quotations illustrating this, but any one who studies his works cannot fail to observe it.

Webster, although he was not so skilful in the use of connectives as Burke, used them well, as the following extract from his speech in Faneuil Hall will show: “Do they find, and

do they admit, and do they feel, that money is scarce and dear?——And how in my judgment, further, so long as this sub-treasury lasts, so long as the tariff of 1846 continues, this state of accumulation by the rich, of distress of the industrious, and of the aggravated poverty of the poor, will go on from degree to degree, to an end which I shall not attempt to calculate.”—Webster is especially fond of beginning his sentences with ‘and.’ Burke and Webster do not use figures of speech to excess, and they use them very advantageously. Burke, in making comparisons, employs the Antithesis effectively. Thus: “Compare the two. This I offer to give is plain and simple, the other full of perplexed and intricate mazes. This is mild, that is harsh. This is found by experience effectual for its purpose, the other is a new project. This is universal, the other calculated for certain colonies only. This is immediate in its conciliatory operations, the other remote, contingent, full of hazard.” Burke at times uses the Climax also. The chief difference between Burke and Webster, as regards the use of figures, is that the former generally employs the strongest Metaphors, while the latter uses Similes more frequently. Note this as a sample of Webster’s style: “We shall see Carolina looming up like one of the Southern Constellations.” Burke, in his speech on

Conciliation with America, argues by means of strong historical illustrations. Webster, on the other hand, often reasons by means of interrogations, and then by appealing strongly to the feelings of his audience. It is said that a dash may be eloquent. This is well illustrated in Webster’s speech in Faneuil Hall.

On the whole, we may say that Mr. Webster was a strong, forcible speaker and writer. His style is smooth and flowing. His arguments are powerful and convincing. The great peculiarity of Burke’s style is that every sentence “grows in the very act of unfolding it.”

H. S.
46

ORIENTAL AND OCCIDENTAL CHARACTER.

Whether the Roman idea, that climate affects character be true or not, the Orientals exhibit a character very unlike that of the Occidentals. With the one, impulse is the ruling power, and all others are subordinate to it; with the other, reason interposes to check the uprising passions, and to guard against the extremes of thought or deed. No Western writer would ever have thought of devising the inhuman course pursued by Schahriar, king of Persia, to maintain the honor of his harem, and perhaps no maiden of this hemisphere would have subjected herself to such imminent danger as did the beautiful and accomplished Scheherazade to deliver her sex from

the cruel revenge of a blood-thirsty prince. Both were acting from impulse rather than from reason, and in this at least they conformed to the general character of the Orientals. Capable of the most passionate love yet extremely revengeful, the Oriental is the kindest friend yet the bitterest enemy, the most extravagant in grief yet the most relentless in those things which produce it in others. Such a medley of contradictions and seeming paradoxes are interwoven in Eastern character, making it one of the greatest extremes.

Again, the Orientals are more mythical than the Occidentals. They have chimerical ideas of life. Their minds are shadowy and fanciful in their tendency. There is the home of the genii, the ghouls, and the houri. Their literature is burdened with mythical legends, which show that their minds, the foundation of all character, drift toward the fanciful and unreal. In the literary lore of the West, we find no such fabulous stories as that of Aladdin and his “wonderful lamp,” or of a Samandal, reigning over the empire of the ocean. Where else but in the literature of the Orientals could we hope to find the origin of such a story as the history of Beder presents? The most exciting incidents of fiction contained in Western authors appear tame in comparison.

The Western man, on the contrary,

looks upon life as a reality. He employs no imaginary genie to work miracles for him, but depends upon the strength of his muscle and the ingenuity of his brains for his support. Reason and intuition are the lights which he follows, and, guided by them, he grapples with life as with a real entity—a something that can be realized.

M.
47

NIGHT ON THE PLAINS OF THE NEW WORLD.


[From the French of Chateaubriand.]

One evening I was wandering in the forests at some distance from the Falls of Niagara. Soon I saw the day fade out around me, and I experienced, in all its solitude, the beautiful spectacle of a night on the plains of the New World. An hour after the setting of the sun, the moon showed herself above the trees. In the opposite horizon, a perfumed breeze, which conducted her from the east, seemed to preceed her as a fresh breath among the forests. Little by little the queen of night majestically mounted the heavens, now following peaceably her azure course, now reposing on a group of clouds which resembled the tops of high mountains crowned with snow. These clouds, furling and unfurling their sails, rolled around in transparent zones of white satin, dispersed themselves in light, foamy flakes, or formed themselves into gigantic banks of dazzling aspect, so agreeable to the eye that one

seemed to feel their softness and elasticity.

The scene upon the earth was not less charming. The blue and velvety light of the moon descended at intervals among the trees, and cast islands of light into the blackness of darkness. The river, which flowed at my feet, now lost itself in the shadow of the woods, now re-appeared all brilliant with the constellations of night which it reflected on its bosom. Upon the vast prairie on the opposite side of the river, the light of the moon slept immovably on the turf. Some birch-trees, dispersed here and there in the savannah, agitated by the breeze, formed isles of floating shadows upon an immovable sea of light. Near, all was silence and repose, except the falling of some leaves, the brusque passage of a sudden wind, or the rare and interrupted hooting of an owl; but at a distance was heard, at intervals, the solemn roaring of the cataract of Niagara, which, in the calm of the night, prolonged itself from plain to plain, and expired in traversing the solitary forests.

The grandeur, the wondrous melancholy of the picture, could not be expressed in human language; the most beautiful night in Europe cannot give an idea. In vain, in our cultivated countries, the imagination seeks to extend itself; it meets everywhere the habitation of man; but in those desert countries the soul delights to sink into

an ocean of forests, to soar over the gulf of cataracts, and, as it were, to find itself only in the presence of God.

B. T.

CHORUS.

From Translation of Aristophanes’ Thesmophoriazusæ.

BY W. L. COLLINS.

They’re always abusing the Women as a terrible plague to men:
They say we’re the root of all evil, and repeat it again and again;
Of war and quarrels and bloodshed; all mischief, be it what it may;
And, pray then, why do you marry us, if we’re all the plagues you say?
And why do you take such care of us, and keep us safe at home;
And are never easy a moment, if ever we chance to roam?
When you ought to be thanking heaven that your Plague is out of the way,
You all keep fussing and fretting—“where is my Plague to-day?”
If a Plague peeps out of the window, up go the eyes of the men;
If she hides, then they all keep staring until she looks out again.

And for ways and means,
Trust us, there’s nothing cleverer than a woman.
And as for diplomacy, they’ll be hard indeed
To cheat—they know too many tricks themselves.
Ecclesiazusæ.

49

Correspondence.

To the Editors of the Archive:

All of your readers ought to feel interested in the erection of the proposed new building which you mentioned in the December number of the Archive. No one will question the necessity of such a building. The only trouble now arises from a lack of funds. This seems strange when we look over the list of Alumni, who could furnish the money with little, if any, inconvenience to themselves. There are one hundred Trinity graduates in North Carolina to-day who could give fifty dollars without having to borrow the money. We are indebted to our Alma Mater for a great measure of our success, and I think we have at this peculiar time a rare opportunity of making a substantial demonstration of our gratitude. I offer this plan to your readers: Let one hundred Alumni send in their names and pledge themselves to the amount of fifty dollars, to be paid as soon as the hundredth man’s name is received. I am ready to give my name.

Yours very truly,

Alumnus.


To the Editors of the Archive:

Soon after Conference I was conversing with a minister in high standing in our State, and during the conversation he spoke these words: “Every preacher

in North Carolina who heard President Crowell’s Report, thinks that Trinity has got the biggest man in the State.” This did me good—much good. Still, I should not be altogether satisfied to know that you had but one man in Trinity. I have heard just as many good things about the Faculty and their untiring efforts. The boys, too, have done their part this session. I have had the good fortune to be at the College once or twice since the new administration began. I can safely say (and I don’t mean to disparage the former order of things) that a new life exists around old Trinity. I met many of my old friends; they seemed glad to see me, but did not have time to talk much with me. They were busy. Such administration as that needs no comment. I am glad to see that the two societies have consolidated the Libraries, and that they are determined to put up a new building. Every Alumnus who doesn’t send some money to help you all out in this matter ought to be ashamed of himself. It would be worth fifty dollars to every old Trinity boy to see that fine building every Commencement. If all the Alumni would club together and come to the rescue, it would be as easily built as an air castle. I am not making much money, but I am willing to give ten per cent. of what I make until I see the project completed, if I am encouraged by all the brethren. Some

time soon I will tell you the impressions made upon me by my second visit to Trinity. For the present, enough has been said.

A Trinity Boy.

50HOLIDAYS.

ON ARRIVING AT HOME.

The old homestead looms into view. How sweet the dear old salutations sound! The hackneyed sound of the college bell has been transformed into the lovely echoes of a sister’s voice. The grim countenances of college professors are, in our minds, readily replaced by the piercing glances and approving smiles of lovely maidens. The dark pages of textbooks give way to the cheery bonfires of Christmas Eve. Our boyhood days flash into renewed existence, and we seem to live over again the scenes of our childhood. We are wafted back on the wings of imagination to the time when, long before we had heard of college, we used to hang our stockings by the chimney and await with impatience the coming of Santa Claus. O that we could all live and die without learning too much of this kind old man! This “ignorance is bliss.” We are again in the family circle; the benevolent face of the father is before us; the tender words of a loving mother sound again in our ears. But in this time of great rejoicing we pause and say, May God bless the Christmas of

our kind faculty, who so willingly granted us the great privilege of spending Christmas at home.

CHRISTMAS IS OVER.

Although joyful was Christmas, and although charming were its scenes, the flying moments could not be either lengthened or checked. The great wheel of time continuing to turn has carried us from the jolly days of Christmas into the calm days which always follow. If to see friends, if to be with loved ones, if to eat turkey, if to have a good time, is a big Christmas, we can say that, if possible, we have had more than our share. Although we have been greatly refreshed and invigorated for the work of the ensuing term, yet, so pleasant was our stay at home that we are led to approve the sentiment of the old darkey, who said:

“Oh! what a blessin’ it would ‘a’ been,
If Santa had been born a twin;
For then we’d ‘a’ had two Chrismusses a year,
And prob’bly one would ‘a’ settled here.”

But, recognizing the fact that pleasure is always sweetest when it follows duty well performed, we readily loose our moorings, and with purer motives, with nobler aims, set sail for our summer vacation.

R. R.

Letters from Trinity’s Alumni are invited. If you would like to hear from a college friend of days long gone by, a few lines in the Archive might reach his eye.


51

Editorials.

J. S. BASSETT, Hesperian, } Editors.
G. N. RAPER, Columbian, }

This is an age of steam and electricity, of specialties and of cranks. There are many unjustly called cranky by those unable to appreciate enthusiasm and persistent effort, but there is a tendency among too many men of the present age to neglect everything except that and that alone which pertains to one narrow subject. This tendency is becoming more prevalent, especially among American students. A man can make a better success in a special line of work, provided he has made a deep and broad foundation upon which to place his desired vocation in life. But how can a man be a scientific investigator of the wings of bugs without a knowledge of bugs, or a successful geologist without a knowledge of Botany and Zoölogy?


Why do boys spend so much money for cigarettes? Some do this to gratify their appetite for smoking paper, others for the illustrations of art found within the packages. It is contrary to every idea of decency and morality to strive to lead boys into the gratification of an appetite, which is, to say the least, useless, by appealing to one far more

dangerous in its nature, to one which, if aroused, may be the cause of their eternal ruin.


The greatest need in Southern Colleges is a well-equipped gymnasium. Every institution of learning ought to have this requisite, and to compel all its students to use the advantages which a gymnasium affords. If a boy shines forth by brilliancy of intellect while at College, it is too often the case that before he has reached the prime of manhood, before he has done one-tenth of what was possible for him to do, his constitution becomes a mere wreck, and he soon becomes the victim of untimely death. Now, while the South is striving with all her might to establish Colleges for intellectual and industrial training, why should we neglect physical culture? It is like building a house upon the sand. When the burdens and cares of active life assail a weakened constitution, it is compelled to give way, and there is no more happiness for the unfortunate victim.


The time has at last come when nations begin to realize that “man’s inhumanity to man makes countless thousands mourn.” But a few weeks ago Chickering Hall in New York was densely packed to receive the three

members of the English parliament who have come to America, not as deputized commissioners but as humanitarians, to arrange with the United States the necessary preliminaries for establishing an international court of arbitration. These men are on just as noble a mission as the missionary who carries christianity to the heathen. Even Gladstone and Bright, together with many members of both Houses of parliament sanction this move for “the glorious parliament of man and the federation of the world.” How much better it is to settle international disputes on common sense principles than by means which, in the language of Cicero, are characteristic of beasts! War always implies wrong action on the part of one nation at least, and in the majority of cases both parties are in fault.


The announcement of the death of Dr. Burkehead in Fayetteville, Dec. 1, 1887, was a painful surprise to his friends in Trinity as well as in other places. He died, as he had lived, actively engaged in the work of the Master.

Lingurn Skidmore Burkehead was born in Davidson county, N.C., May 17th, 1824. At the age of twenty-five, he joined the Methodist Conference at

Oxford, and then began a life of such firm and able devotion to his duty that he was advanced to all the positions of honor within that body. He was an able speaker, a kind friend and a genuine Methodist. Trinity College found in him a staunch supporter, and the Board of Trustees, of which he was for a long time President, lost in him an energetic member. He actively exerted himself in securing the present administration, and now that he is gone we indeed feel that Trinity has lost a friend. He died about a year later than his wife, and has left three daughters and four sons, one of whom, L. L. Burkehead, is a member of the Junior class. To all of these The Archive extends its heartfelt sympathy.


Just as the Archive goes to press, we learn that ladies from the Greensboro Female College have kindly consented to come to Trinity the latter part of this month and give a concert for the benefit of the new building fund. The students appreciate this interest in their efforts, and will manifest their appreciation by giving the ladies a full house. Such treats are rare and greatly enjoyed. Due notice of the exact date will be given through the newspapers and through circulars.


53

Reviews.

G. T. ADAMS, Hesperian, } Editors.
D. C. ROPER, Columbian. }

American Statesmen: John Quincy Adams. By John F. Morse, Jr., Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Company. 1886, 16 mo. pp. 315.

Of Mr. Morse’s series of Biographies of men conspicuous in the Political History of the United States, this volume treats of the life of a man much abused and cruelly misappreciated in his own day, but whom subsequent generations already begin to honor as one of the greatest American Statesmen. The author presents this book in three chapters. In the first of these divisions, the precocious Adams is taken from his infancy, through the varied scenes of youthful life to the end of his diplomatic career in Europe. Next, the author graphically traces the life of Mr. Adams as Secretary of State in the Cabinet of James Monroe (where he was instrumental in forming the famous “Monroe Doctrine”) on through his Presidential career, which terminated in 1828. The latter days of the ex-President were spent in representing the Plymouth (Mass.) district in the national House of Representatives. The same accuracy of statement and scholarly vigor that characterize the other editions in this series are exemplified with emphasis in this work. The diction is simple and pure, the style is clear and direct, fitting the

book for its high place in the already brilliant series of “American Statesmen.”


Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis. By Rev. Josiah Strong, D. D. Published by the Baker and Taylor Co., 9 Bond St., New York. pp. 229.

No duty devolving upon American citizens is of more importance than the defence and perpetuation of the principles upon which our government is based. That perils of no small import are now menacing these principles is evident to intelligent minds. The most dangerous of these evils it is the object of this work to point out, and by an accumulation of verified facts to prove that these perils do really overhang the government and should be averted. Among the most serious are mentioned Mormanism, Romanism, Socialism, Immigration and Intemperance. Each of these subjects is treated in a masterly manner. The author has exercised rare skill in collating the facts which are corroborated by the testimony of men whose veracity cannot be doubted. The central idea enforced by this volume is crisis in the destiny of the United States and, through it, in the destiny of the world. The author’s argument reaches its climax in viewing the relation of this country to the world. The present is considered the “nick of time.” He shows clearly that the evangelization of the world depends largely upon the

progress made in evangelizing this country. It is a powerful book and should be read carefully by every one who has an interest in the welfare of our country.


By good fortune, the publisher of the “Series of Brief Grammars of the Germanic Dialects,” invited Professor Sievers, then of the University of Jena, now of Tübingen, to prepare the Old English member of the series; and, by as rare good fortune, Professor Albert S. Cook, of the University of California, became the translator, or, more properly speaking, the American editor. The first edition was immediately received as highest authority on both sides of the ocean, and the second edition, which enriches the former with the result of recent investigations, is all that can be expected for the language from the sources at command. The grammar was written for beginners, but it presumes an age and an acquaintance with the theory of language not found in the class of students in our colleges who begin the study of Old English. It recalls the experience of two American students at the University of Leipsic, who, when they saw the announcement of “Lectures for Beginners in Sanskrit” by Professor Windisch, made up their minds to take the course. Seats were reserved and the first lecture came on. The Professor dashed into the alphabet, swirled through declension, called a halt in the verb, and, when he departed, left them in a state of bewilderment

whose uppermost idea was that there must be, away down below “beginners,” some place where they belonged.

The extent to which comparative philology has thrown syntax into the shade is exemplified by the fact that one half of the “grammar” is devoted to phonology and the other half to inflection, while syntax gets not a word. True, it may well be said that many MSS. must yet be edited before a satisfactory syntax can be written. That, however, does not affect the proposition above. One hundred years ago, with the same material, the order would have been almost reversed. It must be this passion for philology that has drawn the best minds away from investigations in the syntax of modern English and consigned our grammars to the care of third-rate men who continue to mangle “English as she is wrote.”


54There is coming a time when all teachers of English Grammar will have to be versed in the language and its history from the time of Alfred down, but to confuse pupils by bringing into the grammar Old English words is worse than useless. In spite of this blot, Prof. Meiklejohn (“The English Language.” Boston: D. C. Heath & Co., 1887) manages to explain some things clearly; yet a man who still calls the infinitive a mood is not to be trusted. The author seems to have emulated Mr. G. W. Tarbox’s “Album of Universal Information,” for he has within the lids of one book a Grammar, a Rhetoric, a History of the Language, and a History of the Literature. The machine made to wash clothes, run the sewing-machine, rock the cradle and spank the baby, failed for reasons too obvious to need mention.


55

Exchanges.

M. C. THOMAS, Hesperian, } Editors.
W. A. BARRETT, Columbian, }

The last number of the Binghamite shows decided improvement.

The December number of the Wake Forest Student is the best number of this excellent magazine that has yet been received. The articles by contributors are of a high order. The Archive extends its congratulations to the Student’s editors upon their success in College Journalism.

The Haverfordian, for December, has arrived. Its contents are calculated to be of special interest to those who are enamored of athletics. It has a very sensible editorial on the study of Political Economy. The magazine does credit to the institution which it represents.

The receipt of the Randolph-Macon Monthly is acknowledged. It exhibits literary merit. Fifteen or twenty of its pages are filled with advertisements, and upon this remunerative source depends, no doubt, in a large degree the success of the magazine.

The last number of the Davidson Monthly shows considerable signs of improvement on former numbers. Stick to the “Boycott,” as it is nothing but fair to those who support the magazine. Every College magazine would do well to adopt the same plan. The Monthly is getting to be one of the best among our exchanges.

In the Roanoke Collegian’s latest number is a very pertinent article relating to Exchange Departments. It deals the “exchange man,” whom it terms the “mud-slinging politician of the future,” a well-directed blow. There is a disposition existing in some college journals to point out the defects of their neighbors and acquaintances, seemingly blind to the merits of the magazine criticised, and uttering only the venomous sentiments generated by a fault-finding disposition. There is a happy medium between a servile, insincere adulation and a withering, malicious criticism. The magazine that offers critical remarks sincerely, and for the improvement of the one criticised, has found that medium.

The Vanderbilt Observer is on our table. Its pages are pregnant with life and original thought. Among other articles, the one entitled “Edgar Allen Poe” deserves mention. The author proves, by means of unquestionable authority, that the base slander which has been asserted against the fame of the author, whose productions have been translated into more languages than those of any other American writer, and who has been the most brilliant star in American literature, was wholly undeserved.

The Statesman, a periodical published at Chicago, Ill., and devoted to the cause of prohibition, and the December number of the University Monthly have arrived on the eve of going to press.


56

Locals.

D. C. BRANSON, Hes., } Reporters.
J. C. MONTGOMERY, C., }

Examinations are over. “Did you get through?”

Endowment now reaches about $40,000.

On his return from Conference, Dr. M. L. Wood spent a few days with his friends in Trinity.

Capt. Arthur Frazer, conductor on the Western road, spent Sunday with relatives in our town.

Rev. A. D. Betts came by to see his son and preached for us the Sunday before Conference. His friends were glad to see him.

Dr. McCanless is making preparations to build a residence just above Prof. Gannaway’s.

Rev. V. A. Sharpe, Presiding Elder of this District, will make Trinity his home this year.

Mrs. James W. Ward, of Greensboro is spending a few days here, visiting Prof. Carr’s family.

Misses May Carr and Nellie Edwards, who have been attending the Lexington Female Seminary, are home enjoying the holidays.

Miss Linton and Miss Minnig of Penn., are visiting the President’s family.

Prof. Armstrong spent several days in Greensboro during the holidays visiting the family of Dr. T. M. Jones.

Mr. Dred. Peacock and wife of Lexington spent Christmas with us. They are visiting Prof. Carr’s family.

Rev. Mr. Rush has retired temporarily from itinerant work and will remain in our little town this year. His daughter, Mrs. Bost of Concord, is visiting him.

All of the examinations except those of three or four small classes, were held in the old chapel. It is the general opinion that it is harder to cheat one’s way through than to make proper preparation and stand fairly.

Mr. Eshelman, of Lebanon, Pa., is here prospecting with a view to permanent location. He wishes to embark in the mercantile business. We hope that he will find it to his interest to cast his lot with us.

Friday night before Christmas, about a dozen boys went over to Thomasville to the entertainment given by the young ladies of the Female College. The occasion was one of enjoyment, especially after the public exercises.

As the old year is passing away, it is pleasant to look back upon a term so well spent. Both Faculty and students have worked faithfully, and this co-operation has not failed to produce the desired result—mutual confidence and affection.

If we may “size up” the morals of a place by the number of preachers it contains, Trinity can say Adsum when its name is called on the last day. We have only eleven licensed preachers with us at present.

Most of the boys spent Christmas at home, but a great many have already returned in order to do some special work before the Spring Term begins. Several did not intend leaving college, but did so for the purpose of raising money for the new building.

“Yowzer” went out to see his “best” girl the other night, and about 10:30 o’clock he was found in a newly dug ice-house “making night hideous” with his unearthly yells. We are not prepared to state who is responsible for this sad dilemma, but madam rumor hath it that the fair Dulcinea was implicated in the plot.

On Wednesday evening, Dec. 21st, a small circle of friends met to witness the marriage of Capt. Jefferson Davis, Class of ’86, now of the Davis School, La Grange, N.C., to Miss Mamie B., daughter of Prof. Gannaway. The ceremony was performed at the residence of the bride’s father, Rev. F. H. Wood officiating.

First Student: “Where is the President this morning?”

Second Student: “He went to Greensboro last night to attend a meeting of the Executive Committee.”

First Student: “Yonder he comes now.”

Second Student: “Well, sir, he can be in more places at one time than any man I ever saw.”

The average small boy still finds pleasure in bean-shooters, pop-guns, and sling-shots. It amuses him yet “to

perform such tricks before high heaven as make the angels weep.” Yes, it is even so, and “Cub” is not an exception to the general rule. A few nights since he decided to try his skill in throwing by seeing how many window-lights he could break out of Duke Harris’s store. About the time he had broken two or three, and was secretly congratulating himself on his grand success, one of the Faculty fell upon him like a vulture on his prey. The marauder was taken before the “city fathers” and fined $3.10, to be devoted to the road-improvement fund. “He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.”

Saturday evening, Dec. 24th, the ever hospitable Mr. Hundley gave a supper complimentary to Mr. and Mrs. Jeff. Davis. Several friends were invited to participate in the festivities of this pleasant occasion. The festal board was loaded with such delicacies as would tempt the appetite of the most fastidious. The host was running over with good humor, and the social feature was by no means the least enjoyable part of this happy time. In the presence of the young couple, there was another whom we have not yet mentioned. Yes, he was there and did his work. His name was——Cupid.

Mr. Tom Finch, a member of the Board of Trustees, died at his home near Trinity, Saturday, Dec. 10th.

Mrs. Martha Robbins, widow of the late Ahi. Robbins, died at her home Saturday, Dec. 3rd.


58

Alumni.

E. L. MOFFITT, Hesperian, } Editors.
W. H. RHODES, Columbian, }

—E. J. Kennedy, ’75, a successful lawyer at Chesterfield C. H., S.C., is a member of the legislature.

—B. N. Bodie, ’81, is merchandising in Leesville, S.C. He is also ticket agent of the R. & D. R. R., and mayor of the town. Mr. Bodie is a firm friend of Trinity.

—W. A. Allen is a very promising young lawyer in Goldsboro, N.C.

-Y. P. Ormond, ’78, is farming near Hookerton, N.C. He married a daughter of Rev. J. E. Mann, and is now the head of a family.

—W. P. Bynum, ’83, one of Trinity’s most thorough students, having practiced law in Charlotte four years with his uncle, Judge Bynum, moved on the 25th of last October to Greensboro, where, in partnership with Bartlett Shipp, Esq., he is destined to become one of the first lawyers in the state.

—D. B. Nicholson, ’75, after graduating, returned to Duplin county, and taught school a year and a half. Dec. 20th, 1876, he married Miss Katie Powell, of Sampson county, and spent several years in farming and teaching. He was admitted to the bar Jan., ’80, and after practising law in Duplin two years moved to Clinton, where he taught in the Clinton Collegiate Institute one year. Since then he has devoted

himself to law and journalism—is now one of the editors of the Weekly Caucasian, published in Clinton. During the session of ’81 he represented Duplin county in the legislature, and last winter served as Reading Clerk in the State Senate. Mr. Nicholson has five children. Four of them are boys whom he will some day send to Trinity. The Archive sends Christmas greetings to the Caucasian, and takes pleasure in placing it on the list of exchanges.

—L. J. Best, ’86, completed his course at the Dick and Dillard Law School, Greensboro, N.C., and is now practicing law in Goldsboro, N.C.

—J. C. Pinnix, ’86, having completed his law course at Greensboro, and having been admitted to the bar, is now located at Yanceyville, N.C.

—S. M. S. Rolinson is in charge of the Hatteras school. He has enrolled this year a large number of pupils.

—J. A. Bell, ’86, after teaching a while, began the study of law in Statesville, N. C., and speaks of going West. How is this for Carolina, Jim?

—E. S. Gunn, ’84, is taking a theological course at Vanderbilt University.

—T. N. Ivy, ’79, taught several years in Western North Carolina before joining the N.C. Methodist Conference. He is now stationed at Lenoir, Caldwell county.

—S. Leffers says he is still “invigorated by the gentle breezes of the North Carolina coast.”

Mr. John D. Ezzell, class of ’85, has been principal of the Belle Voir High School, Sampson County, N.C., since the summer of his graduation. He was seen at Conference by a representative of the Archive, and he reported his school in a flourishing condition.

—Among the most prominent applicants for admission at the recent session of Conference were Messrs. J. W. Clegg and L. M. Chaffin. The Archive wishes them abundant success in the work of the ministry.

—Cyrus P. Frazer, ’77, soon after leaving Trinity, graduated at Haverford College, Pa. He is now one of the principals of the Archdale High School. A few years ago he had at the same place one of the most flourishing high schools in the State, and as he has taken hold of it again, Archdale is indeed to be congratulated.

—J. L. Tomlinson, ’72, soon after leaving Trinity graduated at Haverford College, Pa. A few years after this he went to Germany, but soon decided to return to the old North State. Ever since his return he has been actively engaged in the educational cause. He has been principal of Santa Barbara College, California, also of the Wilson Graded School. While in Wilson, he was fortunate enough to win not only a good reputation, but also a good wife. He is now and has been for some time, the Superintendent of the flourishing Winston Graded Schools.

—R. H. Skeen, ’58, for several years successfully conducted a high school at Mt. Gilead, N.C., and sent boys to Trinity well prepared to enter high college classes. He is now principal of the Concord Female Institute, and has one of the most flourishing schools Concord has ever known.


59

AMONG THE COLLEGES.


Chautauqua University graduated, in 1886, 4,624 students.

Haverford might appropriately be called the “College of Athletics.”

Harvard will this year distribute $66,000 among her needy students.

Roanoke’s Endowment Fund has recently had an addition of $20,000.

Randolph-Macon’s Gymnasium was formally opened December 5th, with much eclat.

Davidson’s students have “boycotted” those merchants who will not advertise in their periodical.

Several Colleges wish their weekly holiday to be changed from Saturday to Monday.

The male students of the University of Mississippi have asked the removal of the female students. The girls are bearing off all the honors.

Columbia proposes to institute a new grading system, so that those students who attain a certain high standard shall be exempt from examinations.


ADVERTISEMENTS.

TRINITY COLLEGE,
TRINITY COLLEGE, N.C., U.S.A.

Faculty.—Separate chairs in History and Political Economy, Latin and French, English and German, Greek and Metaphysics, the Natural Sciences, Mathematics and Engineering, Business and Pedagogy.

Departments.Collegiate, leading to Degrees of A.B. and Ph.B.

Preparatory, preparing for admission to college.

Business, five months’ training for business life.

Post-Graduate, advanced studies beyond graduation.

Pedagogics, lectures and special work for teachers.

Theological, preparatory training for the Christian Ministry.

Expenses.Tuition, $3 to $5 per month.

Board, $8 to $12 per month.

Tuition should be paid in advance, and books at the time of purchase.

Special Lectures are given weekly to all who may wish to attend, free of extra charge, on topics of interest. The lecture program of prominent speakers for the weeks will be announced later.

Examinations.—Examinations in course are held twice a year or at the completion of any particular subject. Examinations for admission to college in 1888 to any of the regular classes will be held in June on the day following Commencement, and in September on the day before the opening of college. Students are admitted to the Preparatory and Business Departments without examination, but to no other.

The requisites for admission to the Freshman class in 1888 are Arithmetic, including the Metric System; Algebra to Quadratics; U. S. History; English Grammar and Analysis; Geography, Descriptive and Physical; Natural Sciences, Physiology and Hygiene; Latin, three Books of Cæsar and Latin Grammar, including Prosody.

An extra year’s work in Latin and Greek will be required for admission in 1889 to the classical course only (A. B. degree.)

Location.—In Randolph county. Reached via High Point, N.C., over the Piedmont Air Line. Healthfulness and quiet location render it peculiarly safe and well adapted to the education of youth and young men.

Information.—Special circulars issued quarterly, and the regular annual catalogue will be sent or any desired information given respecting the Institution, upon application to

JOHN F. CROWELL, A. B. (Yale),
President.

Dike Book Co.,
Opposite National Bank,     GREENSBORO, N.C.
FINE
Books and Stationery
OF ALL KINDS.

Sets of Books by Standard Authors,
For sale by sets or singly.

Books of great value, including History, Biography, Poetry, Travels, &c., for young men and students, at low prices.

FULL LINE OF THE POETS.

Latest Publications of Lovell’s Library, Munro’s Library and others.


BROWN & MATTON,
DRUGGISTS
Next Door to Post Office, HIGH POINT, N.C.
Invite the students and friends of Trinity College to examine their
complete line of
Toilet Articles, Perfumery, Stationery,
and all articles usually found in a first-class drug store.

THE BEST.     THE BEST.

Holmes’ New Readers, Maury’s Geographies, and Holmes’ New History are recommended by the State Board of Education for exclusive use in the schools of North Carolina. Best books at lowest prices. Every school should have them.

UNIVERSITY PUB. Co.,
19 Murray St.,     New York.

THOMAS, REECE & Co.,
POWER
Book AND Job Printers,
GREENSBORO, N.C.

Printers of “The Archive.”